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What is EMDR?
What conditions does EMDR work for?
Both trauma-focused psychotherapy and EMDR are effective for chronic PTSD in adults (Cochrane review: Bisson et al., 2013).
Where to find an EMDR therapist
The EMDR International Association (EMDRIA) has a listing of more than 10,000 therapists trained in EMDR. The link to their therapist search page is https://www.emdria.org/find-a-therapist/
Disclaimer: Simple and Practical Medical Education is not affiliated in any way EMDRIA and has not evaluated its procedures and standards. So, this information is for general information only.
An introduction to Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)
An introduction to Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT)
An introduction to Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART)
Bisson JI, Roberts NP, Andrew M, Cooper R, Lewis C. Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 13;2013(12):CD003388. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003388.pub4. PMID: 24338345; PMCID: PMC6991463.
Chen YR, Hung KW, Tsai JC, Chu H, Chung MH, Chen SR, Liao YM, Ou KL, Chang YC, Chou KR. Efficacy of eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing for patients with posttraumatic-stress disorder: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One. 2014 Aug 7;9(8):e103676. PubMed PMID: 25101684; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4125321.
Chen L, Zhang G, Hu M, Liang X. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing versus cognitive-behavioral therapy for adult posttraumatic stress disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2015 Jun;203(6):443-51. Review. PubMed PMID: 25974059.
Cusack K, Jonas DE, Forneris CA, Wines C, Sonis J, Middleton JC, Feltner C, Brownley KA, Olmsted KR, Greenblatt A, Weil A, Gaynes BN. Psychological treatments for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Rev. 2016 Feb;43:128-41. Review. PubMed PMID: 26574151.
Dominguez SK, Lee CW. Errors in the 2017 APA Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of PTSD: What the Data Actually Says. Front Psychol. 2017 Aug 22;8:1425. Review. PubMed PMID: 28878718; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5572405.
Lewis C, Roberts NP, Andrew M, Starling E, Bisson JI. Psychological therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder in adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2020 Mar 10;11(1):1729633. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2020.1729633. PMID: 32284821; PMCID: PMC7144187.
Moreno-Alcázar A, Treen D, Valiente-Gómez A, Sio-Eroles A, Pérez V, Amann BL, Radua J. Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing in Children and Adolescent with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Front Psychol. 2017 Oct 10;8:1750. Review. PubMed PMID: 29066991; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5641384.
Novo Navarro P, Landin-Romero R, Guardiola-Wanden-Berghe R, Moreno-Alcázar A, Valiente-Gómez A, Lupo W, García F, Fernández I, Pérez V, Amann BL. 25 years of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): The EMDR therapy protocol, hypotheses of its mechanism of action and a systematic review of its efficacy in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment. 2018 Apr-Jun;11(2):101-114. English, Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.rpsm.2015.12.002. Epub 2016 Feb 11. PMID: 26877093.
Roberts NP, Roberts PA, Jones N, Bisson JI. Psychological therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder and comorbid substance use disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Apr 4;4:CD010204. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010204.pub2. PMID: 27040448.
Tesarz J, Leisner S, Gerhardt A, Janke S, Seidler GH, Eich W, Hartmann M. Effects of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) treatment in chronic pain patients: a systematic review. Pain Med. 2014 Feb;15(2):247-63. Review. PubMed PMID: 24308821.
Valiente-Gómez A, Moreno-Alcázar A, Treen D, Cedrón C, Colom F, Pérez V, Amann BL. EMDR beyond PTSD: A Systematic Literature Review. Front Psychol. 2017 Sep 26;8:1668. PubMed PMID: 29018388; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5623122.
Wilson G, Farrell D, Barron I, Hutchins J, Whybrow D, Kiernan MD. The Use of Eye-Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy in Treating Post-traumatic Stress Disorder-A Systematic Narrative Review. Front Psychol. 2018 Jun 6;9:923. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00923. PMID: 29928250; PMCID: PMC5997931.
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